ow does genetic information turn a fertilized egg into a
multi-cellular organism? That's a question Associate Professor John Yin is trying to answer. As a starting point, he is studying how
genetic information in viruses, among the world's simplest organisms,
helps them grow. This knowledge could have a great impact on the field
of chemical engineering, which is built on the concept of unit
operations. "Industries as varied as petroleum, plastics,
pharmaceuticals and food depend on common processing units such as
The `shrinking' world of microelectronics
As the microelectronics industry grows bigger and bigger, the subject of Assistant Professor Paul Nealey's research becomes smaller and smaller. That's because Nealey is working on functional nanostructures, tiny circuits that power such technology as computers, watches and games. It's estimated that by the year 2007, these circuits will have reached the scale of 100 nanometers (or 1/10 of a millimeter)--less than half the size of today's smallest circuits.
In his effort to produce denser, faster and more powerful circuits, Nealey is investigating the use of self-assembled monolayers, extreme UV and X-ray lithography, and the ordering of thin films of block co-polymers at chemically heterogeneous interfaces. He is seeing success in developing photoresists (light-sensitive coatings applied to a substrate and developed prior to chemical etching) for use with synchrotron radiation. This work is in conjunction with the Center for NanoTechnology.
In a second area, Nealey's team is investigating the effects of nanostructured surfaces, independent of surface chemistry, on the behavior of cells. "This may lead to the development of improved cell culture systems," says Nealey.
Research projects focus on solving problems for paper production industry
Associate Professor Daniel Klingenberg, through his work with the Rheology Research Center, is helping the papermaking industry solve some of its biggest problems: how to control flocculation and produce uniform paper properties; how to fractionate fibers of different lengths; and how to deal with the large amounts of waste produced by paper mills. Each of these dilemmas pertains to the relationships between fiber interactions, the non-equilibrium structure, and the rheology of flexible fiber suspensions, explains Klingenberg.
Through the use of microscopic modeling, computer simulations and various experimental techniques, Klingenberg's group hopes to better understand the relationship between fiber properties and interactions, suspension structure, and the rheological properties of flexible fiber suspensions. In particular, the group is examining the role of fiber flexibility and inter-particle forces on the entanglement and flocculation of fibers, the rheological response of entangled networks, and the evolution of anisotropy in these suspensions. "Our ultimate goal," says Klingenberg, "is to understand the underlying chemistry and physics in order to improve processes and material properties."
James A. Dumesic, Chair
2014 Engineering Hall
1415 Engineering Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1691
Content by firstname.lastname@example.org
Markup by email@example.com
Date last modified: Thursday, 01-Oct-1998 12:00:00 CDT
Date created: 1-Oct-1998
1998 Annual Report Contents